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首頁 >> 留學考試技巧 >>雅思聽力 >> 雅思聽力選擇題審題要注意哪幾點
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雅思聽力選擇題審題要注意哪幾點

  雅思聽力考試中,選擇題一直是難度偏高的題型。那么,雅思聽力選擇題審題要注意哪幾點?下面為大家做詳細介紹。

  1、要注意區分題目中的定位詞和限定詞。

  所謂定位詞:通常指題目中出現的名詞—包括人名、地名、項目名稱等。限定詞是指修飾限定題目中的這些名詞,

  比如時間限定、比較級最高級限定、副詞限定等。類似此類的限定詞是我們需要具體關注的,我們要去找它們的同義替換,然后聽出來同義替換后面跟的句子大意符合選項中的哪個,這樣確定出來的答案才會更加準確。

  2、注意時間的限定。

  時間限定在題目中可以通過時間副詞eventually,currently,at present, now, today, in the future 等詞表示;也可以通過謂語動詞的時態來表示。

  以C11T2S2真題為例子。

  Which TWO changes have been made so far during the refurbishment of the theatre?

  A. Some rooms now have a different use.

  B. A different type of seating has been installed.

  C. An elevator has been installed.

  D. The outside of the building has been repaired

  E. Extra seats have been added.

  題目中名詞有:changes, refurbishment. 我們可以以這兩個詞定位,但是真正決定答案要點的是時間限定:have been made, so far。 因此大家在審題時,就要快速圈出限定詞,然后聽材料的時候注意現在完成時和其同義替換,這樣就能快速準確鎖定答案。

  下面帶大家看一看該題目對應的聽力原文,以及分析文章是如何體現我們所說的時間限定法的。

  In fact, as you can see, we're carrying out a major refurbishment (定位詞)at the moment.

  The interior has just been repainted, and we're about to start(將要) on the exterior of the building that'll be a big job. (該句說將要進行外部裝修:動詞是一般將來時,和我們審題時圈出的時間限定不一致,因此D選項排除。)

  The work's running over budget, so we've had to postpone installing an elevator. (該句中時間限定不明顯,我們可以通過動詞意思來做題。Postpone 是推遲的意思,因此可知C排除。)

  When the theatre was built, people were generally slimmer and shorter than now, and the seats were very close together. We've replaced them with larger seats, with more legroom. This means fewer seats in total, but we've taken the opportunity to install seats that can easily be moved, to create different acting spaces.(這句話中用到現在完成時:have replaced, 意思是:用更大的座位代替原來的座位,因此B符合,E是張冠李戴錯誤,故排除。)

  We've also turned a few storerooms over to other purposes, like using them for meetings. (這句話中也同樣用到現在完成時:have turned。意思是:已經將儲藏室改為會議室等用途,因此符合題目時間限定,快速鎖定A選項。)


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